South African teen wins R680,000 Google Science Fair prize
Kiara Nirghin, a 16 year-old South African student who goes to St. Martin’s in Johannesburg, has been named the overall winner of the 2016 Google Science Fair.
She was awarded the grand prize of $50,000 (R687,470) for her project titled “Combatting drought with a Low-Cost, biodegradable Superabsorbent Polymer made out of orange peels“.
Google said the prize will be given in scholarship funding, and is intended to further Nirghin’s education.
In her online submission to the science fair, Nirghin explains that she conducted three experiments over 45 days to see if she could make a superabsorbent polymer (SAP) out of bio-waste that outperforms existing synthetic SAPs.
“The results of the water retention test showed that the ‘orange peel mixture’ can absorb 76.1% of water, which is significantly greater than the acrylic SAP, starch SAP and pectin SAP,” Nirghin said.
Her orange peel mixture was made out of waste products found in the juice manufacturing industry where the only resources involved were electricity and time. No special equipment nor materials were required, she said.
Nirghin also noted that commercially used acrylic SAP retails for around $2,000 to $3,000 (R27,586 to R41,390) per metric ton, and is not bio-degradable, whereas the ‘orange peel mixture’ could retail at $30 to $60 (R414 to R828) per metric ton.
She said she hopes this low-cost material can reduce juice manufacturing waste while helping local farmers save both money and their crops.
Lol ... is there such a thing as a "halaal" breakup???
8 Breakup Lines That Show You How Hilarious Muslims Are!
Break-ups are never easy. Whether you are the one doing the breaking up or the one being broken up with, it’s hard to be completely honest in these kind of situations. Luckily, Muslims are absolutely the best at finding creative ways to deliver this painful message. If you are ever on the receiving end of one of these 8 break-up lines, the message is very clear: It’s really over.
1. “It’s not you, its my dad”
2. “I’m sorry, I got a cousin”
3. “I think we’re better off as brother and sister in Islam”
4. “You are not worthy of seeing my hair”
5. “I said insh’Allah, I didn’t say for sure”
6. “It’s not you, it’s Immigration Services”
7. “Sorry habibi, my mom’s friend’s daughter’s nanny’s ex-lover’s goat saw us together. We can’t be together anymore…”
8. “I think you took it the wrong way when I said I wanted a date”
Here’s what is happening in and affecting South Africa today:
The SABC is receiving a grilling from Cabinet over Hlaudi Motsoeneng – and a R5 billion hole of irregular expenditure which the group has failed to hold someone accountable for. The massive amount was accrued over the past two financial years, with the broadcaster unable to say where the money went. Acting CEO James Aguma blamed missing records.
South Africa’s political instability is a big concern for S&P Global – the rating agency economists say is the most likely out of the three to be cutting South Africa to junk status later in the year. According to the group, it has noted the political tensions in the country, and has commented that it would be difficult for South Africa to follow its needed economic reforms under these conditions. Proposals for SA’s nuclear plans have been delayed to make way for more consultation, government has announced – along with another bomb: the project may indeed fall under the wings of Eskom. The project was supposed to move to requests for proposals today, managed by the department of energy; however, government is no consulting with Eskom to see if the power utility should take charge.
South Africa’s universities have reached the tipping point in the weeks-long student protests over fees – either students return to classes next week, or the rest of the academic year will be severely compromised, necessitating an extended lesson period which will come at a great cost to universities and students. Student protesters have given no indication that they well stop, however. South Africa’s rand weakened on Thursday as data showed credit demand growth slowed more than expected in August, underscoring the slowdown in Africa’s most industrialised economy ahead of credit rating reviews by year-end. On Friday, the rand was trading at R13.89 to the dollar, R18.01 to the pound and R15.59 to the euro.
In other news: Future petrol price pain may be coming our way, as OPEC regions took the decision to cut oil output for the first time in 8 years. However, the oil price dropped on the news, as investors took profits on a 7% rise over the past two weeks – while they continue to doubt that the OPEC cut will actually make a difference to global output.
Sayiduna Ali Ibn Abu Talib (Allah be pleased with him) narrated on the pulpit in the mosque of Kufah:
“When Friday comes, the devils go to the markets with their flags, and involve people in their needs and prevent them from the Friday prayer. The angels come early in the morning, sit at the door of the mosque, and record that so-and-so came at the first hour, and so-and-so came at the second hour until the imam comes out (for preaching). When a man sits in a place where he can listen (to the sermon) and look (at the imam), where he remains silent and does not interrupt, he will receive a double reward. If he stays away, sits in a place where he cannot listen (to the sermon), silent, and does not interrupt, he will receive the reward only once. If he sits in a place where he can listen (to the sermon) and look (at the imam), and he does not remain silent, he will have the burden of it. If anyone says to his companion sitting beside him to be silent (while the imam is preaching), he is guilty of idle talk. Anyone who interrupts (during the sermon) will receive nothing (no reward) on that Friday.” Then he (the narrator) says in the end of this tradition:” I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say so.” (Abu Dawood 1046 – a weak hadith)
1. Jumu’ah preparations should begin on Thursday such as clipping the nails, removing of the hair etc (Ihya aul-Uloom, vol. 1, page 161)
2. To have a bath (Ghusl) (Bukhari, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)
On one Friday, The Messenger of Allah said: “O Muslims! Allah Ta’ala has made this day a day of Eid. So have a bath on this day, whoever has perfume should apply it, and use the Miswak. “ (Ibn Majah)
3. To use Miswak (Ibid)
4. To use Attar (Perfume) (Ibid)
5. To wear nice clothes (Abu Dawood, Chapter of Ghusl on the day of Jumu’ah)
6. To proceed early as possible to the Masjid for Jumu’ah
The Messenger of Allah (Allah’s peace be upon him) said: “On the day of Jumu’ah, the angels stand at the entrance of that Masjid in which Jumu’ah salat is to be offered. They write down the name of the person who enters the Masjid first, and thereafter the name of the person who follows, and they continue doing this. The person who entered first will receive the reward of sacrificing a camel in the path of Allah; the one who followed him will get the reward of sacrificing a cow, thereafter a chicken, thereafter the reward of giving an egg as charity in the path of Allah. Once the khutbah commences, the angels close the register and begin listening to the khutbah. “ (Bukhari and Muslim)
7. To walk to the Masjid if possible for every step is a reward of a years Nafl Fast (Tirmidhi)
8. One should listen very attentively to the khutba even if one does not understand. One should not speak or even warn another to keep quite while the khutba is in progress.
9. To try to sit as close as possible to the Imam. (Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi)
10. If the Saffs (rows) are already filled, one should not jump over the shoulders of the musallies (congregants) in order to get to the front. (Abu Dawood)
One should not fiddle with clothes or fingers but listen attentively (Ibn Majah)
When The Messenger of Allah (Allah’s peace be upon him) name is mentioned in the khutba then it is permissible to recite durood in the heart only without the movement of the lips or tongue.
13. Between the two khutba’s one should make dua. It is permissible to make dua without raising hands or moving the lips (I.e. dua should be made in the heart only without the movement of the lips or the tongue) (Adab-e-Zindagee)
14. To read:
Surah Al A’ala (Sura no 87) in the first rakat of Jumu’ah Salah and Surah Gathia (Surah no 88) in the second rakat. (Bukhari)
15. Related by Hakim and Bayhaqi, from Abu Sa`id
“Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Friday, light shall shine forth for him between the two Fridays.” (Ibn Hajar, Talkhis al- Habir)
16. The Messenger of Allah (Allah’s peace be upon him) is reported to have said,
“Recite Durood upon me in abundance on the day of Jumu’ah since they are presented to me.” (Ibn Majah)
17 . Making abundant dua on Jumu’ah
The Messenger of Allah (Allah’s peace be upon him) said: “There is such an hour on Friday that if any Muslim makes dua in it, his dua will definitely be accepted.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
18 . Reciting Durood 80 times after Asr:
According to a Hadith recorded in Tabarani on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him): Abu Hurraira (Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Holy Prophet (Allah’s peace be upon him) said: “Whoever recites the following Durood eighty times immediately after Asr Salat on Friday, before standing up from his place, Allah will forgive eighty years of sins and grant him the reward equivalent to eighty years of worship.”
19. Abu Hurraira narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Allah’s peace be upon him) said:
The five daily prayers, and from one Jumu’ah to the next, are an expiation for whatever sins come in between, so long as one does not commit any major sin. (Muslim, 233)
20. It was narrated from Abu Hurraira that the Prophet (Allah’s peace be upon him) said:
Whoever does Ghusl then comes to Jumu’ah, and prays as much as Allah decrees for him, then listens attentively until the khutbah is over, then prays with him (the imam), will be forgiven for (his sins) between that and the next Jumu’ah and three more days. (Muslim, 857)
Al-Nawawi (Allah be pleased with him) said:
The scholars said that what is meant by his being forgiven between the two Jumu’ah and three more days is that a good deed is worth ten like it, so he will be rewarded with ten rewards for each of the good deeds that he did on Friday. Some of our companions said: what is meant by what is between the two Jumu’ah is from Jumu’ah prayer and the khutbah until the same time on the following Friday, so that it will be seven days, no more and no less, then three days are added making ten in all.
Coming early to Jumu’ah brings a great reward.
Abu Hurraira (Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Allah’s peace be upon him) said:
“Whoever does Ghusl on Friday like Ghusl for janabah, then goes to the prayer (in the first hour, i.e., early), it is as if he sacrificed a camel. Whoever goes in the second hour, it is as if he sacrificed a cow; whoever goes in the third hour, it is as if he sacrificed a horned ram; whoever goes in the fourth hour, it is as if he sacrificed a hen; and whoever goes in the fifth hour it is as if he offered an egg. When the imam comes out, the angels come to listen to the khutbah.” (Bukhari, 814 and Muslim, 850)
22. If a person walks to Jumu’ah prayer, for every step he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyam for one year.
It was narrated from Aws ibn Aws al-Thaqafi that the Messenger of Allah (Allah’s peace be upon him) said: Whoever does Ghusl on Friday and causes (his wife) to do Ghusl, and sets out early, and comes close to the imam and listens and keeps quiet, for every step he takes he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyam for one year.” (al-Tirmidhi, 496)
Ibn al-Qayyim (Allah be pleased with him) said in Zad al-Maâ’ad, 1/285:
Finally, after quoting the hadith which speak of the virtues of Jumu’ah prayer:
What we have quoted, when taken all together, indicates that the expiation of sins from one Friday to the next is subject to all the conditions mentioned above being met, namely doing Ghusl, cleaning oneself, putting on perfume, wearing one’s best clothes, walking in a calm and dignified manner, not stepping over people, not pushing between two people, not offending others, praying nafil prayers, listening attentively and avoiding idle speech.
May Allah give us the ability to act upon all of these virtuous deeds and Sunnah of The Messenger of Allah (Allah’s peace be upon him). Ameen.